Stark & Wayne
  • by Chris Weibel

Photo by Henrique Félix on Unsplash

The cf-for-k8s project is an interesting twist to running Cloud Foundry on Kubernetes using more "Kubernetes"-native projects like Istio, Eirini, and Fluentd.

If you are interested in giving cf-for-k8s a spin on your own laptop the instructions below will create a Kubernetes (Minikube) and install cf-for-k8s.

These instructions borrow heavily from https://github.com/cloudfoundry/cf-for-k8s but I've attempted to streamline the process by making a number of assumptions for you including the use of MacOS and homebrew. Check out the link for additional instructions and options that were removed to streamline the install.

<minikube ip>.netip.cc will be used as the domain for the installation so no additional DNS solutions are required.

Step 1 - Installing Tools

Install CLI Tools & Minikube

brew tap k14s/tap
brew install ytt kbld kapp imgpkg kwt vendir yq
brew install kubectl 
brew install cloudfoundry/tap/cf-cli@7
brew install cloudfoundry/tap/bosh-cli
brew install minikube

Step 2 - Start Kubernetes

Start Minikube

minikube start --cpus=6 --memory=8g --kubernetes-version="1.19.2" --driver=docker

Step 3 - Configure Minikube

Enable metrics-server:

minikube addons enable metrics-server

Obtain minikube IP that will be the basis for your domain URL.

minikube ip
MINIKUBE_IP=$(minikube ip)

Use minikube tunnel to expose the LoadBalancer service for the ingress gateway:

sudo minikube tunnel  # be sure to run in another session

Step 4 - Setup Config Files & Deploy Cloud Foundry

Clone and initialize this git repository:

TMP_DIR="${PWD}/cf-for-k8s-tmp"
mkdir -p ${TMP_DIR}
git clone https://github.com/cloudfoundry/cf-for-k8s.git -b main
cd cf-for-k8s
   ./hack/generate-values.sh -d $MINIKUBE_IP.netip.cc > ${TMP_DIR}/cf-values.yml
  1. Create an account in hub.docker.com. Note down the user name and password you used during signup.
  2. Create a repository in your account. Note down the repository name.
  3. Add the following registry config block to the end of ../cf-for-k8s-tmp/cf-values.yml file, swapping in the <my_username> and <my_password> values from the previous two steps:
app_registry:
  hostname: https://index.docker.io/v1/
  repository_prefix: "<my_username>"
  username: "<my_username>"
  password: "<my_password>"

remove_resource_requirements: true
enable_automount_service_account_token: true
use_first_party_jwt_tokens: true

Run the following commands to install Cloud Foundry on your Kubernetes (Minikube) cluster:

i. Render the final K8s template to raw K8s configuration:

ytt -f config -f ${TMP_DIR}/cf-values.yml > ${TMP_DIR}/cf-for-k8s-rendered.yml

ii. Install using kapp and pass the above K8s configuration file

kapp deploy -a cf -f ${TMP_DIR}/cf-for-k8s-rendered.yml -y

Step 5 - Validate the Deployment

Target your CF CLI to point to the new CF instance and login using the admin credentials for key cf_admin_password in ${TMP_DIR}/cf-values.yml:

cf api --skip-ssl-validation https://api.$MINIKUBE_IP.netip.cc
cf auth admin "$(yq read  ${TMP_DIR}/cf-values.yml 'cf_admin_password')"

Create an org/space for your app:

cf create-org test-org
cf create-space -o test-org test-space
cf target -o test-org -s test-space

Deploy a source code based app:

cf push test-node-app -p tests/smoke/assets/test-node-app

You should see the following output from the above command:

Pushing app test-node-app to org test-org / space test-space as admin...
Getting app info...
Creating app with these attributes...
... omitted for brevity ...
type: web
instances: 1/1
memory usage: 1024M
routes: test-node-app.<cf-domain>
state since cpu memory disk details
0 running 2020-03-18T02:24:51Z 0.0% 0 of 1G 0 of 1G

Validate the app is reachable over https:

curl -k https://test-node-app.$MINIKUBE_IP.netip.cc

You should see the following output:

Hello World

Now do a little dance that you were able to get CF running on Kubernetes!

Work Arounds

Work Around 1

Older cf-cli was installed.  To overwrite:

brew link --overwrite cf-cli@7

Work Around 2

Older Minikube was installed. If you don't need it anymore and getting weird errors, delete the cluster made by the older Minikube and create a new one:

minikube delete
minikube start

Work Around 3

Error:

Exiting due to MK_USAGE: Docker Desktop has only 1998MB memory but you specified 8192MB

Go into Docker Desktop > Preferences > Advanced and move the slider on Memory over to at least 8GB, 16GB if you have it.

Work Around 4

Error:

ytt: Error: Unknown comment syntax at line cf-values.yml:443: ' Below needed for Minikube':

Don't attempt to put comments starting with # into cf-values.yml, while valid yaml the parser errors out.

Work Around 5

The instructions for creation of a Docker Hub account ask to create a repository, however there is nowhere to put the name of the repo. Attempting to use it in the repository_prefix results in a unsupported status code 401 error for builder/cf-default-builder (kpack.io/v1alpha1) namespace: cf-workloads-staging

Work Around 6

CF CLI cf auth command fails because it cannot pull the password. This may be due to differences in yq, the instructions say the command is:

 cf auth admin "$(yq -r '.cf_admin_password' ${TMP_DIR}/cf-values.yml)"

But my copy of yq installed doesn't know -r (does have read) and even with the read command the next two parameters are reversed.

Work Around 7

After minikube stop and subsequent minikube start, the UAA pod may not come up clean:

 NAMESPACE    NAME                   READY   STATUS                  RESTARTS   AGE
 cf-system    uaa-6bf497b5b9-snlg6   0/3     Init:CrashLoopBackOff   4          101m

Looking at the logs you'll see it failed to mount the secrets:

 Events:
 Type     Reason       Age                    From     Message
 ----     ------       ----                   ----     -------
 Warning  FailedMount  6m15s                  kubelet  MountVolume.SetUp failed for volume "cc-admin-client-credentials-file" : failed to sync secret cache: timed out waiting for the condition
 Warning  FailedMount  6m15s                  kubelet  MountVolume.SetUp failed for volume "ca-certs-files" : failed to sync secret cache: timed out waiting for the condition
 Warning  FailedMount  6m15s                  kubelet  MountVolume.SetUp failed for volume "istiod-ca-cert" : failed to sync configmap cache: timed out waiting for the condition
 Warning  FailedMount  6m15s                  kubelet  MountVolume.SetUp failed for volume "jwt-policy-signing-keys-file" : failed to sync secret cache: timed out waiting for the condition
 Warning  FailedMount  6m15s                  kubelet  MountVolume.SetUp failed for volume "uaa-token-gc8nw" : failed to sync secret cache: timed out waiting for the condition
 Warning  FailedMount  6m15s                  kubelet  MountVolume.SetUp failed for volume "admin-client-credentials-file" : failed to sync secret cache: timed out waiting for the condition
 Warning  FailedMount  6m14s (x2 over 6m15s)  kubelet  MountVolume.SetUp failed for volume "encryption-keys-file" : failed to sync secret cache: timed out waiting for the condition
 Warning  FailedMount  6m14s (x2 over 6m15s)  kubelet  MountVolume.SetUp failed for volume "cf-api-controllers-client-credentials-file" : failed to sync secret cache: timed out waiting for the condition
 Warning  FailedMount  6m14s (x2 over 6m15s)  kubelet  MountVolume.SetUp failed for volume "cf-admin-user-credentials-file" : failed to sync secret cache: timed out waiting for the condition
 Warning  FailedMount  6m14s                  kubelet  MountVolume.SetUp failed for volume "uaa-config" : failed to sync configmap cache: timed out waiting for the condition
 Warning  FailedMount  6m14s                  kubelet  MountVolume.SetUp failed for volume "saml-keys-file" : failed to sync secret cache: timed out waiting for the condition
 Warning  FailedMount  6m14s                  kubelet  MountVolume.SetUp failed for volume "smtp-credentials-file" : failed to sync secret cache: timed out waiting for the condition
 Warning  FailedMount  6m1s (x10 over 6m6s)   kubelet  (combined from similar events): MountVolume.SetUp failed for volume "cc-admin-client-credentials-file" : failed to sync secret cache: timed out...

The quick fix is to kubectl describe pod uaa-6bf497b5b9-8klh9 -n cf-system and let the scheduler build out a new pod and remount the secrets.

What's Next?

You can also try out the other solution to running Cloud Foundry on Kubernetes called KubeCF. In this blog post you can read up on how to deploy KubeCF on Amazon EKS using just a bit of Terraform.

If you have any questions on KubeCF or cf-for-k8s please ask in the comments sections below.

Thanks!

PS: Thank you to Tyler Bird for pointing out some missing bits in the homebrew commands!

Find more great articles with similar tags minikube cf-for-k8s kubernetes cloud foundry author-cweibel